biomass the epicStudent Groups



Disadvantages of Other Energy Sources
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Wikispaces Usernames
Responsible for Researching This:
*Torey A


Elizabeth B
Elizabethb39

Valeria E
ValeriaE1

Ally F
McALLYster

Baker H


*Andrew P
Andy.Hahahaha

Ruzz S


Cass H
Cass56

Elizabeth A
forbiddenangel193

Mackenzie B
kenzie13

Eric S
erics13

Cole D



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Subject
Information
What is biomass
Biomass is matter usually thought of as garbage. Some of it is just stuff lying around -- dead trees, tree branches, yard clippings, left-over crops, wood chips (like in the picture to the right), and bark and sawdust from lumber mills. It can even include used tires and livestock manure.
http://www.energyquest.ca.gov/story/chapter10.html

http://worldforestindustries.com/forest-biofuel/how-does-biomass-work/ \/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/
Biomass is any organic material that is made by plants animals. Examples of biomass are wood, leaves, grass, and all vegetation, animal flesh and manure. Today when people refer to biomass they are usually referring to biofuel which is biomass used as a source of energy. Fossil fuels are believed to be the remains of ancient plants and animals so technically they are biomass too. But the term biomass typically refers to materials from plants and animals that are living now or that were living recently.
Biomass is made from plants and is essentially a form of solar energy. Plants absorb energy from the sun as they grow through the process of photosynthesis. Plants use the sun’s energy to break carbon dioxide and water molecules apart into their basic elements, hydrogen carbon and oxygen. The hydrogen and carbon are used to build the molecules that the plants are made of. Most of the oxygen is released back into the atmosphere.

Biomass is an easily replenish-able resource, and there is no reason to not use it more often. Biomass can be harvested from green tree farms, or landfills we leave lying in the ground. Most things that release gas can have people harvest the gas, have it purified, and sell it again as natural gas. This can provide an easy way to provide energy for the country and get the economy stimulated again.
the compost that is recovered from the biomass-to-biofuel process is used in multiple studies involving mycelial colonies, allowing a food source, as well as multiple other sources of extremely useable form of compost that yields higher product fruit.
file://localhost/Users/kayleeallen/Desktop/Biomass.jpg
google images


The term "biomass" refers to organic matter that has stored energy through the process of photosynthesis.
Read more: http://www.altenergy.org/renewables/biomass.html
Advantages
98 tons of plants to create one gallon of gas

biomass equates for roughly 3-4% of the american populace's energy sources

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2003-10/uou-bm9102603.php


Biomass is matter usually thought of as garbage. Some of it is just stuff lying around -- dead trees, tree branches, yard clippings, left-over crops, wood chips (like in the picture to the right), and bark and sawdust from lumber mills. It can even include used tires and livestock manure.
http://www.energyquest.ca.gov/story/chapter10.html


Biomass is carbon, hydrogen and oxygen based. Biomass energy is derived from five distinct energy sources: garbage, wood, waste, landfill gases, and alcohol fuels. Wood energy is derived both from direct use of harvested wood as a fuel and from wood waste streams. The largest source of energy from wood is pulping liquor or “black liquor,” a waste product from processes of the pulp, paper and paperboard industry. Waste energy is the second-largest source of biomass energy. The main contributors of waste energy are municipal solid waste (MSW), manufacturing waste, and landfill gas. Biomass alcohol fuel, or ethanol, is derived primarily from sugarcane and corn. It can be used directly as a fuel or as an additive to gasoline.

I got this from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biomass


It is definitely currently a renewable source of energy, but consider this. Bio

mass is renewable (not all biomass is considered renewable - natrural gas) because it does not take 100,000 years or more to make it or for it to be made like oil. We can grow new crops, new trees, and they grow fast enough to use. But if we had only them would they still be renewable? It also takes a large amount of product to make biomass (like fertalizer to grow crops) and the prices go up, the more of it that is used (like the spikes in the cost for corn we have seen).


Read more:
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Is_biomass_renewable_or_nonrenewable#ixzz1kfVBAd93


This link has a lot of info. on biomass production, cost, etc in Oregon.


Using Biogas in Gas Engines
GE Energy Financial Services has invested $6 billion in a diverse portfolio of renewable energy assets. GE has a long track record of investing in wind, solar, biomass, hydro and geothermal power assets.

Biomass can be converted to other usable forms of energy like methane gas or transportation fuels like ethanol and biodiesel. Rotting garbage, and agricultural and human waste, release methane gas—also called "landfill gas" or "biogas." Crops like corn and sugar cane can be fermented to produce the transportation fuel, ethanol. Biodiesel, another transportation fuel, can be produced from left-over food products like vegetable oils and animal fats. Also, Biomass to liquids (BTLs) and cellulosic ethanol are still under research.

also from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biomass#Biomass_sources

Biomass is GREAT for our environment. Instead of using up the worlds valuable nonrenewable resources t takes renewable resources and changes them into fuel. It saves the planet so future generations can enjoy and prolong our resources because we can't get them back! It is one of the best ways in the world to create energy for our environment.

Read more at http://www.fossilfuels.org/biomass-helps-the-environment.html
Disadvantages
There have been some biomass explosions and that has caused worry, wondering if biomass is actually safe or not. Other than this, biomass is pretty safe, but there have been some mishaps with this.
What the government wants.
While U.S. President Barack Obama placed plenty of emphasis on dom
estically sourced fossil fuels such as natural gas and oil in his Jan. 24 State of the Union Address, he called on Congress to get working on a national clean energy standard, and stressed the importance of new incentives for renewable energy innovation. Pointing out that the U.S. contains only 2 percent of the world’s oil reserves, Obama stressed that oil isn’t enough. “This country needs an all-out, all-of-the-above strategy that develops every available source of American energy—a strategy that's cleaner, cheaper and full of new jobs,” he said. http://biomassmagazine.com/articles/6109/obama-calls-for-clean-energy-standard
Awards
Biomass: Renewable Energy From Plants & Animals
wed sights and links.
http://www.bioenergy.wa.gov/Biomass.aspx

Biomass basic advantages and disadvantages

http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_much_does_the_US_use_biomass


How biomass energy works

How people uses biomass energy

How biomass energy works

How people uses biomass energy


Biomass basic advantages and disadvantages


http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_much_does_the_US_use_biomass
How it effects the environment.
The trash and garbed dose not go into land fills but becomes energy.













































































PICTURES

Biomass-energy-2.jpg
Biomass_1.jpg
http://www.bioenergy.wa.gov/Biomass.aspx

BIOMASSTYPES1.gif
http://www.eia.gov/kids/energy.cfm?page=biomass_home-basics

biomass2
http://www.window.state.tx.us/specialrpt/energy/renewable/

Biomass
http://cr.middlebury.edu/es/altenergylife/sbiomass.htm




facts on biomass.